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3A MOLECULAR SIEVES

Molecular sieves or activated zeolites are crystalline, porous aluminosilicates posing 3D uniform pore structures with definite diameters. They restrict the oversized molecules (molecular size above 3Å). The seperation purely depends on molecular size or polarity. Inner surface and penetrating substance are frequently interacting thus causing selective adsorption of polar substance at low molecular weight. For special technical applications these zeolites are used as molecular sieves. The term molecular sieve is only applicable to the surface of the zeolite which is like a sieve. The crystallographic geometry is due to tetrahedral structure of alumina and silica.

Conventionally known as alkali metal alumino-silicates, the 3A (3*10-10Å) form of molecular sieves are made by substituting potassium ions with inherent sodium ions of 4A molecular sieves reducing the effective pore size approximately to 3Å.

The water of crystallisation is evacuated by heating, resulting in a vacant space or void. These voids are highly affable to re-adsorb water or any polar molecule. The enhanced internal surface area coupled with strong ionic force increase the adsorption of considerable amount of water/polar component.

The mesh size decides the phase to be handled. Usually 4-8 mesh sieve is used in gas phase applications, while 8-12 mesh sieve is common in liquid phase applications.

Known for their excellent drying capacity (even to 90°C), the profound applications include removal of gas/liquid impurities, drying of natural gas, reactive monomers (olefins), refrigerants, unsaturated hydrocarbons, refining polymers, desiccation in petroleum industries etc.


KEY FEATURES AND BENEFITS :

  • Enhanced internal surface area
  • Fast adsorption speed
  • Frequent regeneration ability
  • Pollution Resistant

These are available in the form of beads and pellets. However Beads offer some distinct advantages over pellets as:

  • Beads provide a greater surface area per cubic foot resulting in more efficient adsorption for equivalent sized beds.
  • Beads are stronger than pellets, thus they maintain their size and shape for more efficient adsorption.
  • Beads do not create dust to the degree that pellets do; this results in a cleaner system with less frequent clogging of system filters.
  • Beads offer an equivalent pressure drop to pellets.

THEORETICAL PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MOLECULAR SIEVES :

Approx. Chemical formula: 2/3K2O.1/3N2O.Al2O3.2SiO2.9/2H2O
Silica:Alumina= ~2

Type

Form

Mesh Size

Phase handled

Pore Diameter (Å)

Bulk density (lb/ft3)

Moisture (%)

Heat of Adsorption

pH

Regeneration temp (°C)

3A

beads

4-8

Gas

3

45-46

1.5

21

10.5

175-260

3A

beads

8-12

Liquid

3

45-46

1.5

21

10.5

175-260


APPLICATIONS :

  • Remove impuries from gases or liquids to extremely low ppm level.
  • Dehydration of unsaturated Hydrocarbon streams (cracked gas, propylene, butadiene, acetylene etc.)
  • Drying of polar liquids (methanol, ethanol etc.)
  • Adsorption of molecules (NH3 & H2O from N2/H2 flow).
  • Packaging moisture sensitive drugs & removal of odors
  • Removal of CO , H S, mercaptans and other impurities from natural gas or natural gas liquids
  • Medical Uses: Oxygen concentrators for respiratory therapy.
  • Dehydration and CO removal from air for cryogenic processing
  • incorporated directly into plastics packaging and used in desiccant dehumidifiers (dry boxes) to protect moisture-sensitive contents.
  • Molecular sieves are added to protect products such as pharmaceuticals, batteries, film, fuel propellants, machine parts and electronic components.

3A MOLECULAR SIEVES

HS Code : 38249090

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